Tips & Golden Rules

Car drivers

General Tips

  • Accidents are NOT BAD LUCK!

  • 95% of all road accidents are caused by human error!

  • The most important risks are caused by the driver himself!

  • In 45% of all accidents, the driver loses control of his car

GOLDEN RULES:

  • responsible behaviour is of fundamental importance
  • traffic regulations have to be respected because they guarantee the security of all road users.
  • Being conscious of danger is by far more important than driving ability (Anticipation instead of reaction)
  • Never overestimate your driving skills
  • Reduce your speed in unclear, unpredictable situations
  • The Safety Belt DOES save lives
  • Never consume Alcohol or drugs when driving; they increase the probability of accident - dramatically
  • The Car must always be in perfect working order
  • Politeness, Road courtesy, Tolerance and understanding can avoid many accidents

Eco-Driving

25% of fuel economy are possible!

  • Do I have to drive?
  • Use carpools
  • Cover short distances by foot or bicycle
  • Avoid short distances. Cold engines (oil temperature < 40° celsius) elevate the mileage and abrasion
  • Do not accelerate during ignition
  • Do not warm up the engine, start right away
  • Upshift as soon as possible (at 2000-2500 rpm)
  • Change down as late as possible (1200-1500 rpm)
  • Always drive at high gears and low number of rotations
  • Avoid unnecessary gearshifts
  • Use engine brake when decelerating or driving downhill (mileage = 0)
  • Drive foresightful and constant
  • Avoid full throttle
  • Cut engine when holding time is over 20 seconds
  • Increase the tire pressure up to 0,2 bar higher than the normal pressure (front and back tires)
  • Do not use air conditioning or other electric consumers unnecessarily (exception: car lights)
  • Remove roof racks and bicycle carriers if not needed
  • Remove redundant ballast
  • Save fuel-efficent engine oil

Mileage at unchanging speed (50km/h), but different gears (2nd-5th gear) (Source: DVR)


Motorcyclists

General Tips:

  • Accidents are NOT BAD LUCK!

  • 95% of all road accidents are caused by human error!

  • The most important risks are caused by the driver himself!

Expect the Unexpected:

Accidents recorded by the police in 2002 and 2003 on Luxembourg roads:

Total:

175
Deaths:
Badly injured:
injured:

14
79
101

  • 18% of all accidents happen while turning left

Never forget that nearly all accidents are caused by excessive speed.

  • 18% of all accidents are caused by a car in a left turn, that is, cutting across the path of an oncoming motorcycle.

Reduce speed in an uncertain situation and always be ready to brake.

  • 17% of all accidents are caused in a collision of a motorcycle with a car in a left turn, both in the same driving direction.


Traffic laws contribute to the safety of all road users, but only if you respect them.

  • 17% of all accidents are caused by a car driver abusing the priority and the motorcyclist taking it.

Partnership on the road also means to compensate for the other drivers´ mistakes. Even if you as motorcyclist are not the cause of an accident, anticipation can avoid a lot of accidents.

  • 13% of all accidents are motorcycle accidents in a right turn.

Anticipative, defensive driving habits are vital for every motorcyclist.

  • 9% of all accidents are front-end collisions.

If you recognize dangerous situations, accidents can be avoided by anticipation.

  • 42% of all accidents happen in a periphery of 10km of the motorcyclist´s home
  • The risk of an accident begins at the start of a journey, literally at the front door!

Tips in connection with traffic

  • In the case of a traffic accident, motorcyclists and bicyclists always come off worst.
  • Traffic laws contribute to the security of all road users, but only if they are respected.
  • Think as a motorcyclist, not as e car driver.
  • Never trust blindly in your rights and priority.
  • Take no unnecessary risk!
  • Do not overestimate your own skills.
  • Better to react 100 times too early, than once too late.
  • Reduce speed in a dangerous situation and be prepared to brake.
  • Deliberately emphasize your presence to attract the attention of other road users.
  • A visible protection clothing and a certified helmet can save lives and decrease injuries.
  • Driving abilities save you in an emergency situation only if you are mentally pre-prepared.
  • You should not forget that nearly all accidents are caused by an excessive speed for the conditions.